Guyana

Guyana is the only English speaking country in South America. It shares common borders with Venezuela, Brazil and Suriname. Along with English, the official language most of the population speaks various creole dialects. Guyana shares a common culture and history with the Caribbean islands chain because it was a former British colony with French, Spanish and Dutch occupation at various points in its history. This is reflected in the names of places and its architecture. Guyana is 83,000 miles2, and boasts a rich forest and resources such as gold, diamonds and bauxite, as well as thriving marine life. Eco-tourism is a fast growing industry!

The government has designated a vast area of land as a community owned reserve in the care of the indigenous Wai Wai peoples, and this had attracted international funding and developmental aid to help in its preservation. Pollution and over-fishing are the main issues that challenge marine conservation in Guyana. Poor mining practices, along with sewage, flooding and dumping, have caused several species to be threatened. Guyana has received much needed help from international organizations to create strategic programmes to carry out best practices in marine conservation. This has resulted in the Guyana Marine Conservation Society, The sea turtle project, and other projects aimed at bringing about an awareness of the importance of the protection of marine life, as well as implementing strategies to encourage best practices. Irene Stephney - Children's Conservation Author